Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS) is a mega infrastructure project that is set to transform the way people adopt public transport and travel across the National Capital Region. It will provide seamless connectivity across the key-urban nodes of NCR via a high-speed regional rail network.
Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut RRTS corridor, which is the first among eight corridors envisaged in NCR, passes through thickly populated areas of Ghaziabad, Muradnagar and Modinagar where the major portion of the alignment is along the median of Delhi-Meerut Road (erstwhile NH-58). The alignment also passes through the densely populated and congested areas of areas of Delhi and Meerut.
Decongestion of the National Capital, reducing vehicular traﬃc on the roads, significant long-term reduction in air-pollution, and balanced regional development are some of the key outcomes of RRTS implementation in NCR. One of the new-age techniques being used by NCRTC for the project implementation is extensive pre-casting of various components of civil structures and high-performance track. Pre-casting has helped us in safe and fast execution of the works while ensuring good quality control, minimizing inconvenience to the road users, local passer-by, business owners and residents along the entire stretch, and reduction in air pollution & noise pollution.
Pre-casting, although not a new terminology in civil infrastructure projects, has been used not only extensively but in an innovative manner for this project with some of the structures being pre- casted first time in the country for such large-scale complex project.
Unlike the conventional on-site construction which requires mobilization of huge quantities of 3Ms (Materials, Machinery and Manpower) at site, pre-casting of various structural elements has significantly reduced the traﬃc chaos, public inconvenience, and environmental issues at site.
Even where onsite construction is inevitable, mostly foundations, after securing the site with high strength prefabricated barricades, foundation work for both station and viaduct is executed by using state-of-the-art piling rig machines, high capacity cranes, remote controlled boom placers, ready-made steel formwork with high strength and precision, pre-tied steel reinforcement cages, advanced concrete batching plants. Such technology reduces the construction time significantly and results into high-end precision of casting, good aesthetics, negligible defects, safe working environment at site. It also reduces the duration of site occupancy and barricades are removed from the roads in a timely manner.
Precast structural elements which are to be placed above foundations are casted on 24 x 7 basis in precast yards. This process runs parallel to on-site construction which reduces overall project duration significantly. This technique proved to be a game changer in taking up of construction work during the pandemic (Covid-19) period. Pre-cast yard being a more controlled site, it is easier to train manpower, monitor and implement COVID-19 related norms amongst the labor. Accordingly, large number of laborers were engaged at precast yards during this period and maximum output was achieved which enabled full pace erection once the situation improved and work started in full swing at sites.
More than 70 to 80% of the structural elements are being pre-casted and erected with Auto Launching Gantries (Tarinis) and advanced high-capacity cranes for viaduct and stations. Pre-cast Box girder segments, OHE parapets, I-Girders, portal U-shells, track slabs etc. are enabling fast construction of viaduct. Similarly, Pre-cast primary & secondary beams, Pier arms etc. are adding pace to the station construction. Even ancillary works like RCC drain, Water harvesting pits etc. have been designed as pre-cast to ensure quality and save time during construction.
However, handling of such a huge quantum of the pre-cast elements is not an easy task. To cater these elements along the entire stretch of 82 kms, presently 10 state-of-the--art precast yards with total area of approximately 80 ha and equipped with high-capacity bay gantries (100 MT) & cranes, reinforcement cutting and bending machines, automatic batching plants are operating. These yards are also equipped with PTZ CCTV cameras and each activity is critically being monitored.
Pre-casting on one hand is adding pace to the construction, and on the other side it is adding value to the project through following means:
Despite two waves of Covid 19 pandemic, NCRTC has been able to keep the pace of construction on schedule. Presently the 20th Launching Gantries (Tarini) has been deployed to ensure rapid progress on the entire Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut RRTS corridor.
This article is first appears on Pulse.